Tuesday, February 28, 2017

Final four Mellon-funded TEI ebooks published

The final four of a group of 86 American Numismatic Society-published books have been checked and uploaded to our Digital Library. Here are some stats I was able to produce from various SPARQL queries of the TEI->Open Annotation RDF:

  • 349 mentions of 164 different Greek coin hoards published in IGCH in 193 sections in 14 books.
  • 266 unique references to nomisma URIs. 146 are mints or regions, and 87 of these identifiers are matches with Pleiades places. These mint references appear in 600 sections 51 books. Including direct Pleiades references (and not only those which are implicit by means of Nomisma concordances), there are 621 sections in these 51 books which will be accessible through the Pelagios Project.
  • 97 of the 266 references are to people, most of whom are linked to Wikidata and VIAF entities that are, in turn, linked to other systems, such as Social Networks and Archival Context
  • More than 1,400 coins in the ANS collection are referenced
  • 139 Roman Imperial coin types in OCRE
  • 4 Roman Republican coin types in CRRO 
These four are the final of 86 total books digitized as part of the NEH-Mellon Open Humanities Book program.  Many thanks to both the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Mellon Foundation for making this possible. The framework and methodologies implemented in this project will be applied to further digitization here at the ANS as we move toward making our entire collection of monographs freely and openly accessible, and I hope that other academic publishers and learned societies will follow in our footsteps in this endeavor.

These books go beyond simple transcription and publication as EPUB files. With links to our own research databases internally and externally to Linked Open Data information systems, we hope that these works will be transformed into research portals to further context about the people, places, events, etc. mentioned in the text. On the other side of the coin, so to speak, researchers interested about the entities, objects, coin hoards, etc. will have access to a wealth of historical information about these things and will gain access to our monographs not only from our own Library, Archive, and Museum systems, but through projects like Pelagios, Digital Public Library of America, and other large scale aggregators of cultural heritage materials.

Friday, January 13, 2017

More than 80 LOD-enhanced ebooks published to the ANS Digital Library

The American Numismatic Society has nearly completed its Mellon Foundation-funded Humanities Open Book program. Eighty-two of 86 books have been enhanced by a Whitney Christopher, a TEI specialist from the King's College London DH program to link to people and places defined on Nomisma.org, Pleiades (either directly linked or by means of Nomisma's internal concordance system), VIAF, Wikidata, and the ANS's own archival authority control system. The final four books will go online soon. They are all available in the ANS Digital Library.

The number of people and places mentioned in these texts is a staggering figure, and it should be noted that we have focused on linking those entities that are most relevant to the texts, but we will continue to refine the linking over time, especially when it comes to Nomisma concepts and bibliographic references to Worldcat Works (links to which have not yet been incorporated). As Nomisma expands further into the Greek world and other domains of numismatics (after the ancient period), we will return to these ebooks to insert or replace links to Nomisma mints, people, and political entities.

Beyond relevant people and places, we have inserted hundreds of links to IGCH records (about 170 different coin hoards are cited in 400 locations in a handful of books), to the ANS collection, and to coin types defined in OCRE or CRRO. So far, more than 100 coins in the ANS and 6 in the Smithsonian American Art Museum have been identified by their accession numbers, although one of the four remaining books to be published will soon include nearly 70 more links to ANS coins. There are many more coins referenced in these books that may now belong to the ANS, but were not accessioned at the date of publication. A curator with more specific knowledge will need to identify these in the future.

One of the most often cited hoard is the Demanhur Hoard (IGCH 1664), which is mentioned in four books and on various pages of two of Edward Newell's notebooks. By linking archival authorities mentioned in these texts, we have greatly enhanced access to the works by and about Edward Newell and other prominent numismatic figures associated with the Society. A user of the ANS's authority portal (built on EAC-CPF) will have access to books written by Newell in our digital library, as well as his archival materials. Furthermore, mentions of Newell from the books written by other scholars will appear under annotations. In his case, he is mentioned in 18 other books, sometimes in multiple sections.

Like Mantis, the OCRE and CRRO config files have been updated to link to our archival SPARQL endpoint, and therefore annotations about specific types are accessible directly through types defined in these system. Nearly 50 types in OCRE are linked from Roman Medallions, and a researcher can drill down into a specific section of the book from RIC 5 Gallienus and Salonina 1.

Finally, through the links to Pleiades, each section in each book that mentions an ancient place will be accessible in Pelagios.